Addition and Subtraction


Addition and subtraction basics for children


Addition and subtraction are the concepts of math foundation. Kids can start learning these skills as soon as they get 3 years old.


In other words after recognition of basic counting, the next step is to learn addition and then subtraction.


To understand math more comprehensively, children have to start with the basic math concepts such as basic counting, addition and subtraction. 


To learn basic math skills mentioned above, kids need not to go to school. Parents can teach them very easily while doing their other daily life activities. Some examples are given below:


In the kitchen, count carrots, onions and other vegetables and fruits with your child as soon as he/she starts to recognize them.


In the park count number of kids, parents and coaches and add them.


Get some coins and introduce your kids with these coins and counting money. (Monitor your kids when they have coin, some kids can chock if swallowed the small coins)


Always keep looking for small opportunities in daily life, and don't miss a chance to teach basic math to your child.


Math builds on basics and these basics can originate right from the kitchen table, playground and a trip for the groceries.


Most of us take addition and subtraction very easy but we have to put ourselves in our kids' shoes. Recall when you were a 2nd grader and you will soon realize that adding or subtracting even small number is very challenging for young kids.


Use lots of daily life explanations to help your kids understand these basic math operations. Kids learn very well when we use concrete examples to teach add and subtract numbers to them by using real object rather mere numbers on a note book.


Each step learned in math sets children up for the next lesson, they cannot learn subtraction without addition, they can’t learn division without multiplication, etc.


In 2nd grade math, it is assumed that kids already know the counting numbers to thousands (how to read and write), adding and subtracting the easy one digit numbers.


Once kids know the basics of addition and subtraction, they are ready to learn add and subtract the three digit numbers in second grade math.


We have two separate pages full of addition and subtraction worksheets and lessons for kids. The following links take you to those pages.


Addition Worksheets                          Subtraction worksheets 


Remember, your most emphasis should be on explaining the concept by using real objects from your daily life. Ask your kids to count crayons and add them to pencil colors, ask them to add number of onions to potatoes in the kitchen.


But we need to keep in mind that kids need a lot of time to get experience and better understanding of what addition and subtraction operations really mean. Before kids can master these basic math operations of addition and subtraction, they need to understand the nature of these basic math operations.


Read the following very useful articles on how kids interact with addition and subtractions by clicking the links below:


How infants process addition and subtraction        Findings of addition and subtraction in kids are robust and consistent






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